Further Information on the person
(1905-1993, Ochoa) Spanish physician and biochemist, and joint winner of the 1959 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Arthur Kornberg & (1899-1986, Lipmann) Biochemist and a co-discoverer in 1945 of coenzyme A. For this, together with other research on coenzyme A, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1953.
Year of Birth: 1905
Severo Ochoa was a Spanish biochemist and doctor who was born in Luarca, Asturias on September 24, 1905. He was the son of Severo Ochoa de Albornoz, a lawyer and politician, and Dolores Pérez-Bendito. Ochoa was educated in Spain, graduating from the University of Madrid with a medical degree in 1929. After completing his degree, Ochoa worked as a medical assistant in Madrid and later as a research fellow at the University of Berlin. He would return to Spain in 1933 and take a position as a professor at the Complutense University of Madrid.
In 1936, Ochoa left Spain to pursue further research in the United States. He initially accepted a position as a research fellow at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research in New York City. In 1940, he became an American citizen and moved to the University of Chicago, where he worked on the metabolism of carbohydrates. In 1945, Ochoa accepted a position at New York University, where he continued his research on the metabolism of nucleic acids. In 1957, Ochoa was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the discovery of the synthesis of nucleic acids.
Throughout his career, Ochoa made numerous discoveries and contributions to the field of biochemistry. He was one of the first scientists to identify and elucidate the role of the enzyme ribonucleic acid (RNA) polymerase in the replication of genetic material. He was also the first to demonstrate that the synthesis of nucleic acids is a key step in the replication of genetic material. Ochoa was also the first to discover the enzyme polynucleotide phosphorylase, which is involved in the synthesis of messenger RNA.
In addition to his many contributions to biochemistry, Ochoa was also involved in the political and social life of Spain. He was a member of the Spanish Academy of Sciences and a member of the Spanish Parliament from 1977 to 1981. He was also a vocal advocate for human rights and the rights of the people of Spain. Ochoa died on November 1, 1993 in New York City.
Ochoa's legacy is one of immense contribution to the field of biochemistry and the advancement of science. His work paved the way for future generations of scientists to explore and understand the complex processes of nucleic acid synthesis. He was also an advocate for social justice and human rights, and his influence still lives on today.
Severo Ochoa's influence in the field of biochemistry and the advancement of science is undeniable. His research and discoveries have greatly contributed to our understanding of the world and his legacy will continue to be felt for generations to come.
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