Otto Stern Autograph

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(1888-1969) German physicist and Nobel laureate in physics - he was the second most nominated person for a Nobel Prize with 82 nominations in the years 1925-1945.


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AI generated biography of Otto Stern

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Otto Stern was a German-born physicist who was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize in Physics for his discovery of the magnetic moment of the proton. He was born in Sohrau, Germany on February 17, 1888. He was the son of a businessman, and his family was of Jewish heritage. He was educated at the Universities of Breslau, Munich, and Göttingen, where he studied physics and mathematics. In 1912, he obtained his doctorate in physics from the University of Göttingen.

After receiving his PhD, Stern left Germany and moved to the United States, where he worked as a research associate at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. In 1921, he became an associate professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and in 1923, he was appointed professor of physics at the University of Hamburg.

In 1925, Stern returned to the Carnegie Institute to work on his Nobel Prize-winning research. He discovered the magnetic moment of the proton, a fundamental property of the proton, which describes its behavior in a magnetic field. He also developed a technique known as Stern-Gerlach experiment, which has been widely used to study the properties of particles.

In 1933, Stern returned to the United States to become the first director of the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. During this time, he continued to work on his research, and in 1943, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for his discoveries.

After receiving the Nobel Prize, Stern continued to work in the field of physics, and he published several books on the subject. He also served on the board of directors of the Institute for Advanced Study and the National Academy of Sciences. He died in 1969 in Princeton, New Jersey.

Otto Stern's contributions to physics were groundbreaking, and he was a highly respected scientist. His discoveries are still used today in many areas of physics, and he was honored for his work with the Nobel Prize in Physics. His legacy lives on through his research and his contributions to the field of physics.

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