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(1896-1981) Italian poet, prose writer, editor and translator, and recipient of the 1975 Nobel Prize in Literature.
Year of Birth: 1896
Eugenio Montale was born in Genoa, Italy in 1896. He was an Italian poet, editor, translator and essayist, who won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1975. He was one of the most influential Italian poets of the twentieth century. He was known for his dark and mysterious poetry which was full of symbolism and irony. His works often explored themes of love, death, nature, and the human condition. He also wrote about the political and social issues of his time. Montale was part of the Italian literary movement known as hermeticism, which focused on the search for spiritual and metaphysical understanding. Montale was an important figure in the movement and helped to popularize it.
Montale's first published work was a collection of poems titled Ossi di Seppia in 1925. His second collection, Cuttlefish Bones, was published in 1931. This collection has become one of his most famous works and is considered to be the beginning of his hermetic style. His later works include The Storm and Other Poems (1942), The Occasions (1948), and The Lightning Flash (1966).
Montale was also a respected literary critic and translator. He translated works by English and American poets into Italian, including works by T.S. Eliot and Wallace Stevens. He was also a professor of Italian literature at the University of Florence from 1949 until 1967. Montale was a member of the Italian Senate from 1958 until 1968 and was a major figure in the Italian literary world.
Montale's political views were often controversial and he was critical of both fascism and the Italian Communist Party. Montale was also a critic of consumerism and materialism, which he believed were stunting the spiritual growth of the Italian people. As a result, he was often at odds with the Italian government.
Montale was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1975 for his unique contributions to modern lyrical poetry. He is also known for his anti-fascist stance and his criticisms of consumerism and materialism. He was a major influence on Italian literature and his works are still widely read and studied today.
Eugenio Montale died in 1981 in Milan, Italy. He left behind a large body of work that has been critically acclaimed and continues to have a major influence on Italian literature. His works explore themes of love, death, nature, and the human condition, and are full of symbolism and irony. He will be remembered as one of the most important Italian poets of the twentieth century.
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