Autograph stub from his personal cheque book, unsigned, 2,25 x 3,5 inch, 30.10.1920, numbered `No 219372`,completed by Ernest Rutherford in dark ink "Oct 30 20 - [...] - 1-1-0", attractively mounted (removable) for display with a photograph, shows Ernest Rutherford as physicist at McGill University in 1905 (altogether 8,25 x 11,75 inch), with very mild signs of wear - in nearly very fine condition.
Further Information on the person
(1871-1937) New Zealand-born physicist and chemist who became known as the father of nuclear physics.
Year of Birth: 1871
Ernest Rutherford was born in 1871 in Nelson, New Zealand. He was the fourth of twelve children and the second son of James Rutherford and Martha Thompson. He went to school at Havelock School and Nelson College, where he excelled in science and mathematics. He was awarded a scholarship to study at Canterbury College, University of New Zealand, where he received his B.A. in 1892. He then went to Cambridge, England, where he worked under J.J. Thomson at the Cavendish Laboratory. Rutherford’s research at the Cavendish Laboratory focused on the properties of radioactivity, which he studied by bombarding different substances with alpha particles.
In 1898, Rutherford was awarded a fellowship at the Cavendish Laboratory and became the first professor of experimental physics at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. At McGill, he continued his research on radioactivity, and in 1899 published his famous paper on the nuclear structure of atoms. This paper proposed that the atom was composed of a nucleus surrounded by electrons, and that the nucleus was the source of the atom’s radioactivity. Rutherford’s work at McGill earned him a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908.
In 1907, Rutherford returned to England as the first director of the Cavendish Laboratory at Cambridge. He continued to conduct research on radioactivity and the structure of atoms, and in 1911 he proposed the Rutherford model of the atom. This model proposed that the atom was composed of a positively charged nucleus surrounded by a cloud of electrons. Rutherford’s work in the field of atomic structure earned him a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1908.
From 1919 to 1937, Rutherford held the position of professor of natural philosophy at the University of Cambridge. During this period, he continued to conduct research on atomic structure, and also began to study the structure of the nucleus. He proposed the nuclear model of the atom in 1920, and in 1932 he was awarded a Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the structure of the atom.
Rutherford also conducted research on the transmutation of elements, eventually leading to the discovery of artificial radioactivity in 1934. This work earned him a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1908, and he is remembered today as one of the most important scientists of the 20th century.
Rutherford died in 1937 at the age of 66, but his influence and discoveries have had a lasting impact on the scientific world. His work revolutionized the study of atomic structure, and his name lives on in the Rutherford atomic model, the Rutherford scattering equation, and the Rutherford unit of radioactivity.
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