(1783-1824) Mexican army general and politician. During the Mexican War of Independence, he built a successful political and military coalition that took control in Mexico City on 27 September 1821, decisively gaining independence for Mexico. After securing the secession of Mexico from Spain, Iturbide was proclaimed president of the Regency in 1821; a year later, he was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico, reigning briefly from 19 May 1822 to 19 March 1823. He designed the Mexican flag.
Rare military content manuscript document signed, four pages (on two conjoined sheets), 6 x 8,25 inch, Celaya, 5.04.1819, in Spanish, to Col. Jose Maria Vasconcelos - concerning a military plan, signed (twice) in dark ink "Agustin de Iturbide" & "Iturbide", attractively mounted (removable) for fine display with a picture, shows Agustin de Iturbide in a beautiful full length portrait in uniform (altogether 12,5 x 9 inch), with a vertical letter folds, some soiling to two pages, and a very small area of paper loss to the lower right corner of one page - in fine condition.
In parts (translated):
"With this date I say among other things to Mr. Colonel Don José de Castro Military
Commander of the Villa in San Miguel [...] I have assigned Captain Don José Maria
Vasconcelos so that with a detachment of 150 horses already united, separated
constantly travel from Apasco to the town of Calderon, and in conjunction with troops
from Jurica, or others from Queretaro, make your quick forays through Xalpa and Puerto de Nieto, and will enter when convenient to that Villa to give [...] some stroke of the hand when Your Lordship calculates it practicable [...]" His orders to harass insurgents continue:
"From Chamacuaro you will be able to acquire better than from any other point, the
news of [...] Xalpa and port of Nieto, and also of Villarruel, and you are in a better position to surprise them, the last one alone, and the others in conjunction with troops from Queretaro, for which you will write to Mr. Garcia Rebollo proposing the plan, with the reserve proper to your character and without which not only is success almost [certain], but it is easy for the one who was to surprise to be surprised [...] The indicated detachment will consist of the pickets which I note below [...]
At the bottom, Inturbide lists five groups units of soldiers to fulfill his ambush, inmcluding: "[...] Dragones Patriotas de Chamacuaro 15 - [...] Juan de la Viga 20 - [...] Apasco 20 - [...] Moncada 60 - [...] Puebla 40 [...]"
A year later, a military revolt would place Spain under a liberal regime. Iturbide was then commanding royal forces pursuing Vicente Guerrero, one of the few liberal revolutionaries still in the field. The two entered into negotiations, and Guerrero pledged his support to his former adversary. On Feb. 24, 1821, Iturbide launched his own revolt by issuing the Plan of Iguala, which would lead to his capture of Mexico City and the subsequent liberation of Mexico from Spanish rule.
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